Seed management

  1. Seed selection methods
  2. Seed treatment methods

Soil Management

  1. Compost
  2. vermicompost
  3. Green manuring
  4. Green leaf manuring
  5. Tank silt
  6. Panchagavya
  7. Jiwamrit
  8. Amrutpani / Amrit Jal
  9. Dung and urine extract

Pest management

Preventive measures

  1. Crop rotation
  2. Deep summer ploughing (for moisture retention and against insect pupae)
  3. Seed treatment (against seed borne infections)
  4. Neem cake in soil (against soil borne diseases, root grubs, etc)
  5. Border crops (against sucking pests)
  6. Destruction of alternate hosts to vectors
  7. Light traps and bonfires (against pod borer adult moths)
  8. Bird perches (against pod boring caterpillars)
  9. Pheromone traps (for monitoring Helicoverpa armigera and Spodoptera litura)
  10. Collection and destruction of  plants infected with viral diseases (against bud necrosis)

Curative / reactive measures

  1. Neem oil spray (against sucking pests)
  2. Neem Seed Kernel Extract spray
  3. Culling out infested shoots (against Yellow Stem Borer)

Pest and disorders

  1. Insects
    1. Gram Pod Borer (Helicoverpa armigera)
    2. Tobacco caterpillar (Spodoptera litura)
    3. Pod borer (Etiella zinkinella)
    4. Spotted pod borer (Maruca testulalis)
    5. Leaf folder (Gracillaria soyella)
    6. Eriophid mite (Aceria cajani)
    7. Root grub (Holotricha consanguina)
    8. Thrips (Scirtothrips dorsalis)
    9. Whiteflies ()
    10. Aphids ()
    11. Jassids
  2. Diseases
    1. Bacterial wilt
    2. Fusarium wilt
    3. Sterility mosiac disease
    4. Yellow mosaic disease

  3. Nutritional disorders
    1. deficiency

Natural enemies that you would find in redgram ecosystem

  1. Birds
  2. Spiders
  3. Ladybirds
  4. Parasitic wasps



Storage pests